Anime is a word of French origin that means animated or alive, and that the Japanese adopted into their language since 1985 to refer to cartoons on television.
Thanks to the rapid growth in the distribution of Japanese cartoons on television in the Western world in the 1970s, the word anime began to catch on as a way of referring exclusively to Japanese cartoons and manga to refer to the printed versions of cartoons. the same. Today, regardless of the genre or subgenre, you can safely find and buy your favorite manga at Casadellibro.com
Many people think before researching anime and manga, that Shounen, Shoujo, Seinen, Josei, Kodomo… are anime and manga genres, but in reality it is not so. These are the names of the ratings of the target audiences of the productions, that is, they are terms that are used to determine which audience the anime is aimed at.
Shounen means boy or youth in Japanese. This type of anime is aimed at a young male audience, mainly teenagers, between 12 and 18 years old. This is considered the most popular anime and manga classification. The story of shounen anime or manga generally focuses on the development and journey of the hero, which in this case is a man.
There can be Shounens of various genres and sub-genres, such as comedy or romance. However, action animes are the most common or also the famous battle shounen. In this case, there is also a constant presence of typical stereotypes of this genre. As great dialogues throughout the battle, some examples of this classification are Naruto, Dragon Ball, The Knights of the Zodiac, Bleach and One Piece.
Shoujo means girl or young girl in Japanese. It is also aimed at young people, but mainly women. The plot of the series usually features a girl or young girl as the protagonist, with the stories more focused on dramas, novels, and other events that mark the development of the protagonist.
Like shounen anime, shoujo can also come from different genres, such as majo shoujo, a subgenre featuring warrior characters with magical powers. Some examples can be Sailor Moon, Sakura Tattator, Candy Candy and Ona High School Host Club.
Seinen means adult or grown man. As the name implies, these animes are aimed at a more mature audience, usually between 18 and 40 years old. The Seinens are intended for men and contain complex subject matter that would not be appropriate for younger people.
Erotic content and violent scenes are also part of Seinen productions. One Push Man, Berserk, Ghost in the Shield, and Tokyo Ghoul are some famous examples.
Josei literally means woman. Like Seinen, this type of anime is made for an adult but female audience. In short, Josei represents the maturation of shoujo, presenting common problems of women’s daily lives from a more realistic point of view, such as Chihayafuru, Nodame Cantabile, Paradise Kiss, Nana, and Usagi Drogue.
Kodomo literally means child. These animes are made with a focus on children’s audiences, as the name implies, especially between 4 and 10 years old. The stories often convey important lessons to younger people, such as respecting older people, the importance of friendship, and an appreciation of brotherly and family values, which are regular themes in this type of anime. The plots are simple and easy to understand. For example, Hantaro, Pokémon, Beyblade, Doraemon, and Heide, are some of the most popular anime titles in this genre.
anime and manga genres
Based on the aforementioned classification, these should be divided into several genres and their different genres, depending on the theme or aesthetics that it presents.
Yuri, they are love or romantic stories between girls. Shoujo Ai, stories that focus on romance between girls and explicit scenes. Bishoujo, is the anime whose main character is a very beautiful girl or group of girls. Yaoi, they are love or romantic stories between boys. Shonen Ai, stories that focus on romance between boys and explicit scenes.
Bishonen, is the anime with male characters who are considered to be handsome. Kemono, anime where the main characters are animals. Mecha, anime with giant robots. Ecchi, are animes that do not have a very elaborate plot and are intended for people over 18 years of age, with risqué scenes or fanservice. Hentai, these are anime with explicit or censored scenes, usually with some humor.
Gore, are anime with a lot of blood and violence, usually with dark and supernatural themes. School Life, stories that take place in school environments, with protagonists who are students. Haren, anime with a male protagonist surrounded by female protagonists, these anime are usually also romantic comedies. Haren Hyaku, is a sort of inverted Haren, as it features a female protagonist surrounded by men who are in love with her.
Sports, anime based on a specific competitive sport. Isekai, its genres of Japanese fantasy light novels, manga, anime and video games that revolve around a normal person being transported and/or trapped in a parallel universe. In recent years it is one of the most popular genres with exponents such as Sword Art Online.
And the list can go on and on, as there are endless anime and manga genres and subgenres. Other popular and successful styles include science fiction, comedy, horror, romance, war, and many more.